Women in armed conflict situations
Sexual violence against women and girls is widespread in conflict and used as a war tactic. Reports from the Democratic Republic of the Congo on the extent of conflict-related sexual violence range from 18 to 40 per cent among women and girls and between 4 and 24 per cent among men and boys. Domestic violence, trafficking, child marriage, are also exacerbated during conflict. The UN has adopted international commitments to address gender-related violence in conflict, including UN Security Council resolution 1960, which provides an accountability system for conflict-related sexual violence; stipulates coordinated and timely collection of information on such violence; and calls for countries to establish specific time-bound commitments. Meanwhile, Security Council resolution 2122 sets out the need for humanitarian aid to ensure access to sexual and reproductive health services, including for pregnancies resulting from rape. UN Women’s programmes on women, peace and security support women’s engagement in all aspects of peacebuilding, towards more inclusive, egalitarian societies that can end gender discrimination and resolve conflicts without violence. We train peacekeepers to detect, address and stop conflict-related sexual violence. Other initiatives back justice and security institutions that protect women and girls from violence and discrimination and public services that are fully responsive to women’s needs.
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