Swedish Local Government: Traditions and Reform Traditions and Reforms
The bulk of Swedish public administration is at local level. Local authorities – municipalities and county councils – have long had the task of bringing people in a particular area together to promote common interests, like meeting the need for social services or infrastructure. The county councils have been given tasks like health and medical services that require a larger population base than most municipalities have. The legal framework for local government activities is set up by the Riksdag (the Swedish Parliament) and the Government in laws and regulations. Central government is also represented at county level through the county administrative boards, which work to ensure that national goals in different policy areas are articulated at county level. The terms local authorities and local governments are often used to cover both municipalities and county councils. Local government activities can be activities carried out by either municipalities or county councils.
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